The pre-election environment in Zimbabwe was described by many as a 'confusingly calm' one. Back in 2008, six months prior to Zimbabwe elections then, all streets and villages were abuzz with campaign slogans, songs, rallies, political meetings and candidates' posters. Of course six months before an election, campaigns had not yet been officially sanctioned – but they were happening. Come 2013, it was very different – very quiet, a handful of campaign rallies, low enthusiasm and it could pass as a somber environment – even a week to the polls.

A recent conversation with a leader from one of Zimbabwe's major political parties revealed that this time round, 'they' had chosen to do it differently but strategically; 'feed the cow at home and only bring it out for sell on the market day'. Now, what does this mean? Probably it provided the clearest answer to why the pre-election environment was too calm. He explained: "you don't show everyone that you are 'feeding the cow'; you only bring it out on the market day when it's going to be sold off. Well, this is more confusing. So, how do you feed the cow?

Once Africa's sung hub of intellectualism and professionalism, Zimbabwe is now nothing less than an orbituary of a departed academic sector, a dying corporate segment and a country feared and haunted by its very own 'professionals'. Now, when you scratch beyond the surface, you get to interesting findings; this predicament has little to do with the economics of Zimbabwe but it has everything to do with the politics of the country.
On this one sunny Monday afternoon, am having lunch with a professor at one of Zimbabwe's top University. Our lunch graduates into a tête-à-tête on a range of issues affecting 'Uncle Bob's' republic.

In a chronological manner, this middle aged professor outlines how education in Zimbabwe has lost as much value as the economy itself. She later narrates how the government has in recent years resettled most of her colleagues to South Africa and Botswana. Not just resettling them but helping to process their work permit applications as well as obtaining employment for them. It is not because their services are not required in Zimbabwe; It is not because the government can't employ these people locally; it is not because the government wants to increase its Gross National Income (GNI) from their remittances and neither is it because it cares so much for its 'professionals'.

A poem by Gwada Ogot

The political landlord has built,
Hovels and shacks- slums,
Upon our petrified minds,
So he extorts rental taxes;

Landlord sets rules for squatters -to abide by,
In his squalid people’s party estate;
Cheap rents with high costs,
The return -political lip service;

No, the party is not built upon the land,
Because the land does not vote;
Neither does it have a family of voters,
To be liberated into the Promised Land;

Landlord says,
Vote for me and you shall get clean water,
Eehh! Our dirty water is a political dam;
Vote for me and you shall get medicine,
Ohh! Our ailments are political germs;
Vote for me and your children will get education,
Aahh! Our illiteracy is a political blindfold;

Landlord is a freedom fighter,
Fighting against my freedom,
He frees me of everything,
Yawa Landlord yawa...

Landlord is a nationalist,
A nationalist means a national appetite;
He eats anything,
Yawa Landlord yawa...

Landlord is a liberator,
And strives to relieve me,
Of all things I own,
Yawa Landlord yawa...

Landlord tethers me,
With economic chains,
To a cell called home,
Yawa Landlord yawa...

Uganda has recorded significant strides in her efforts to update and streamline labor legislation with international conventions. A key objective has been to enable a legal framework consistent with basic human rights as enshrined in the 1995 Constitution.

Initiatives such as the Uganda Labor Law Reform Project, have worked to overhaul the legal framework of employment by promoting ratification of ILO Conventions, effecting principles and rights concerning freedom of association and collective bargaining, non-discrimination and the elimination of forced and child labor.

The International Labor Organization (ILO), of which Uganda is a member, pursues international labor standards to enhance legal rights for workers across the world. Other line movements similarly encourage countries to promote labor rights at the international level including fair trade policies.

Labor rights or workers’ rights are a set of legal rights and claimed human rights that relate to labor relations between workers and their employers, usually obtained under labor and employment law. In general, these rights’ relate to negotiating workers’ pay, benefits, and better working conditions.

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