Note by the Secretariat

The Secretariat has the honour to transmit to the Human Rights Council the report of the Independent Expert on the promotion of a democratic and equitable international order, Livingstone Sewanyana, prepared in accordance with Council resolution 36/4.

Summary

In the present report, the first by the present mandate holder, the Independent Expert on the promotion of a democratic and equitable international order sets out his preliminary views and intended scope of work, highlighting the vision and priorities to be addressed within the framework of the mandate as set forth in Human Rights Council resolution 18/6 and subsequent resolutions on the subject, the latest of which is resolution 36/4.

I. Introduction

1. The present report of the Independent Expert on the promotion of a democratic and equitable international order is submitted to the Human Rights Council in accordance with Council resolution 18/6 and subsequent resolutions 21/9, 25/15, 27/9, 30/29, 33/3 and 36/4 and is the first report of the current mandate holder since his appointment by the Council at its thirty-seventh session. The Independent Expert is requested to report regularly to the Council and to the General Assembly, pursuant to resolution 18/6 and paragraphs 11 and 12 of resolution 36/4.

2. The Independent Expert recalls that, in resolution 18/6 establishing the mandate, the Council broadly called for an international order in which people could enjoy the rights of international solidarity, development and self-determination; exercise effective sovereignty over their natural wealth and resources; freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development; have equal opportunity to participate in regional and international decisionmaking; and have a shared responsibility to address threats to international peace and security. As noted by the previous mandate holder (A/HRC/21/45 and Corr.1), relevant to resolution 18/6 are General Assembly resolutions 3201 (S-VI) on the Declaration on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order, 2625 (XXV) on the Declaration of Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and 65/223 on the promotion of a democratic and equitable international order.

3. The mandate calls for a holistic approach to the implementation of human rights, with due regard to the universality, indivisibility, interdependence and inalienability of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, and thus enjoins all stakeholders, including States and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, to cooperate to realize the aspirations expressed in the Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

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