In preparation for the 31st October, 2013 Buhweju District Woman MP By-election , CCEDU on 10th and 11th October, 2013 trained 22 community observers who will observe campaigning, Election Day and the post-election environment. During the campaign period, CCEDU observers will monitor: candidates' adherence to the set campaign time frames; speech content with a view of deterring hate-speech; candidates' observance of the campaign schedules and calendar, as well as tolerance amongst competing political parties, candidates and supporters.

Observers will also monitor any illicit use of either government or personal resources during campaigns; the nature and use of local media in respect to campaign and election related activities. Prior to the election date, the team will meet with a range of stakeholders including the Buhweju District Electoral Commission, and Police for updates on their level of preparedness to conduct the by-election.

7th October 2013

PRESS RELEASE

DISPATCH OF ELECTION OBSERVER TEAM TO THE BUHWEJU DISTRICTBY-ELECTION

Citizens' Coalition for Electoral Democracy in Uganda (CCEDU) has dispatched a pre-election Observer mission to the Buhweju District by election slated for 31st October 2013.

The Buhweju District Woman Member of Parliament seat fell vacant following the sudden death of 27 year old Woman MP, Joy Arinaitwe Kariisa. Buhweju district has 41,768 registered voters and a polling network of 120 stations.

CCEDU has thus far dispatched observer missions to 9 of the 13 by-elections conducted in Uganda since the February 2011 general elections. The Buhweju by election will be the 10th such mission for the Civil Society Organization which specializes in electoral matters.

In an integrated exercise, the CCEDU team will train 22 community observers as well as observe the conduct of party nomination exercises on 10-11th October 2013.

Though the by election has been occasioned by death,CCEDUs priority focus is to beam on the strict adherence to electoral lawsby political parties and the Electoral Commission particularly in view of the high number of costly by elections occasioned by the presentation of fake academic documents by aspirants.

Electoral Commission Secretary Sam Rwokojo has indicated that over shs 396 million has been set aside for both the Buhweju woman MP and the district directly elected councilor for Nyakishana.

In addition, CCEDU will roll out a motivational and value based voter education program through local vernacular FM radio spot adverts and talk shows.

Information, Research and Advocacy Division
CCEDU Secretariat

Introduction
Demarcation of Electoral Areas for representation at Local Governments Councils is done in accordance with Article 181 of the Constitution and Section 108, 109 and 110 of the Local Governments Act, CAP 243.

Local Government electoral areas were last demarcated and used for the 2011
general elections.

The necessity to demarcate electoral areas for the General Local Government
Council Elections, 2015/2016 has arisen out of the following:

• Creation of new Subcounties/Towns whose councils have to be formed and also affecting representation at district level;
• Creation of new Parishes/Wards affecting representation at Subcounty/Town level;

The first phase of demarcation work comprising of determining the sizes of the councils and the numbers of the electoral areas for each category of representation has been at the Commission. The actual combination or splitting of basic administrative units for formation of electoral areas for representation where this is called for is the second phase and shall be done in the field.

Note that the composition of Local Government Councils shall not change for all areas where no new administrative units have been created since the last Local Government Council general elections of 2011.

For avoidance of doubt, new administrative units can only be created in accordance with Section 7 (2a), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), and (9) of the Local Governments Act, [CAP 243]. Therefore, no new administrative unit shall be communicated without attaching a Statutory Instrument supporting its creation by the Minister of Local Government.

Documents to be used for Demarcation of Electoral Areas
The following documents have been produced in phase I and shall be used during the second phase of demarcation in the field.
1.FORM A1: Subcounties/Towns/Municipal Divisions to combine in order to form electoral areas for women councillors forming one third of councils at District level (Where applicable).
2.FORM B1: Parishes to combine in order to form electoral areas for women councillors forming one third of Councils at Municipality/City Division level (Where applicable).
3.FORM B2: Parishes for splitting in order to form electoral areas for women councillors forming one third of councils at Municipality/City Division Level (Where applicable).
4.FORM C1: Parishes to combine in order to form electoral areas for women councillors forming one third of Councils at Subcounty/Town/Municipal Division level (Where applicable).
5.FORM C2: Parishes for splitting in order to form electoral areas for women councillors forming one third of councils at Subcounty/Town/Municipal Division level (Where applicable).
6.FORM C3: Parishes for splitting in order to form electoral areas for Directly Elected councillors at Subcounty/Town/Municipal Division level (Where applicable).
7. FORM D: Statistics on number of Electoral Areas by category for each Local Government.

Procedure for Demarcation of Electoral Areas for Representation atLocal Government Councils

General Principles and steps followed for demarcation of Local Government Electoral Areas for Directly Elected Councillors;

Step I: Consider the basic administrative unit for representation as provided for under Section 109 of the Local Governments Act, CAP. 243. Basic Administrative Units of Representation for various LocalGovernments
NO. LOCAL GOVERNMENT BASIC ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT FOR REPRESENTATION
1. District Subcounty/Town/Municipal Division
2. City City Division
3. Municipality/City
Division Parish/Ward
4. Subcounty Parish
5. Town/Municipal Division Parish/Ward
Step II: Consider the provision that the total number of councillors for a Local Government Council shall not be less than ten as provided for under Section 108(4) of the Local Governments.
Act, CAP. 243.
Step III: Consider Electoral Areas that may be created after taking into account means of communication, geographical features and density of population.

General Principles and steps followed for demarcation of Electoral Areas for Women Councillors forming one third of Local Government Councils.

Step I: Establish the composition of the two thirds (⅔) of the total Council in order to derive the one third of the women quota i.e. (⅓ of the Council). Directly Elected Councillors +
Councillors representing the Youth + Councillors representing persons with disabilities = ⅔ of the Council.

Step II: Derive the number of Women Councillors, which will form one third of the Council and therefore the number of electoral areas for representation at the respective Council as follows: -
Let: DEC = Number of electoral areas for Directly Elected Councillors;
          Y = Councillors representing Youth to the respective Local Government;
     PWD = Councillors representing Persons With Disabilities to the respective Local Government

Press Statement 6th August 2013.

Demarcation of Electoral Areas for Representation at Local Governments and re-organisation of Polling Stations in Preparation for the 2016 General Elections.
A. Introduction

Dear esteemed partners, members of the press, it is my privilege and pleasure to welcome you to this press briefing, at the Electoral Commission.
Today, the Commission will update you on the preparations for a countrywide exercise of
demarcating electoral areas for representation at Local Governments and re-organisation
of polling stations in preparation for the 2016 General Elections as per attached programme.

B. Demarcation of Electoral Areas for Representation at Local Governments
Demarcation of Electoral Areas for representation at Local Governments Councils is done in accordance with Article 181 of the Constitution and Section 108, 109 and 110 of the Local Governments Act, CAP 243. Electoral areas are the units for political representation at the various Local Governments:

• For District-level Local Government, the unit is a sub county for a Directly-elected Councillor, then a Sub County, or Sub Counties, or part of a Sub County for a Woman Councillor.

• For Sub County-level Local Government, the unit is a Parish for a Directly-elected Councillor, then a Parish or Parishes, or Part of a Parish for a Woman Councillor. The necessity to demarcate electoral areas for the General Local Government Council Elections, 2016 has arisen out of the following:
1. Creation of new Sub counties/Towns whose councils have to be formed and also
affecting representation at district level;
2. Creation of new Parishes/Wards affecting representation at Sub county/Town level;2
The combination or splitting of basic administrative units for formation of electoral areas for representation, where this is called for, shall be done in the field for a period of seven (7) days, from Saturday, 17th August till Friday, 23rd August 2013.

C. Exercise for the Countrywide Re-organisation of Polling Stations in Preparation
for the 2016 General Elections. The Electoral Commission, in accordance with Section 12(1) (d) of the Electoral Commission Act, 1997 (Cap 140) is mandated to establish and operate polling stations for purpose of elections. In preparation for the 2016 General Elections, the Commission has undertaken to reorganise polling stations countrywide to enable voters to conveniently cast their votes.
The re-organisation exercise will also aim at ensuring adequate space at polling stations as
well as manageable number of voters per polling station.
The re-organization exercise will be conducted for a period of 8 days, from Monday 19th August 2013 till Monday 26th August 2013. During the exercise, the following activities will be undertaken:
1. Merging:
Polling stations that have far less than 900 voters without justification will be merged,
taking into consideration proximity of the villages and distances traveled by voters to the
polling station.
2. Splitting:
Polling stations with more than 900 voters, the optimum number of voters, will be split into
one or more polling stations.
3. Rationalising polling stations:
Polling stations which were large and had earlier been split on the basis of the alphabet,
e.g. ABC Primary School A-M and ABC Primary School N-Z will be split on the basis of
villages and/or cells where practical.
4. Re-location:
The following categories of polling stations will be re-located:
i. Stations that are congested or located in contestable areas, e.g. near bars and
private premises like people's compounds, will be relocated and renamed, where
possible;
ii. Stations clustered in polling centers where there is inadequate space for polling
activities;
iii. Stations where proximity to voters is not well-observed resulting in voters traveling
long distances to vote; and,3
iv. Stations where new infrastructure developments have taken place, e.g. new
buildings, housing estates, roads, factories, etc.
5. Re-naming:
The following polling stations shall be re-named during the exercise:
i. Polling stations whose names have changed due to re-location; and,
ii. Polling stations that do not portray the area name where they are situated.
Please note that this exercise shall also involve harmonisation of parish and village names with the corresponding polling stations.
6. Creation of new polling stations:
The Commission shall create a polling station for any electoral area or new Parish with no polling station, or where a new polling station is legitimately required.

D. Conclusion
The Commission has drawn a programme to sensitise all stakeholders, namely the electorate, political parties, local leaders, opinion leaders and the media, on the demarcation and re-organisation exercises.
The Commission, therefore, appeals to all members of the public to co-operate with the respective election officials in this matter and participate effectively for a better electoral
process.
For God and my country,
Eng. Dr. Badru M. Kiggundu
Chairperson, Electoral Commission

Press Release 2nd August 2013.

Approved Program for Demarcation of Electoral Areas and Re-organisations of Polling Stations in the entire Country in Preparation for 2016 General Elections.
The Electoral Commission has approved the programme for demarcation of electoral areas
and re-organisations of polling stations in the entire country in preparation for 2016 General
Elections as follows:
No Activities Period
1. Publicity, notification, information to stakeholders and Voter
Education on demarcation and reorganization
1st August – 30th September 2013
2. Advertisement of vacancies for Sub county and Parish
Reorganisation Officials
2nd – 6th August 2013
3. Press briefing on Demarcation of Electoral Areas and Reorganization of Polling stations 6th August 2013
4. Short listing and display of candidates for Sub county and Parish Reorganisation Officials 7th August 2013
5. Recruitment of Reorganisation Officials and Supervisors at Parish and Sub County levels. 8th – 9th August 2013
6. Display of lists of names of the proposed reorganisation officials at offices of Returning Officers and Sub-county Headquarters 9th – 13th August 2013.
7. Training of Reorganisation Officials 15th – 16th Aug 2013
8. Internal Distribution of the Reorganisation Kits from districts headquarters to sub counties and Parishes 16th August 2013.
9. Demarcation of electoral areas in Local Governments 17th–23rd Aug 2013
10 Reorganization of Parishes, Polling Stations and Villages (Returning Officers to come up with programmes per Parish). 19th – 26h August2013
11 Display of Recommendations from Village Meetings at Parish Headquarters. 31st August – 1stSeptember 2013.
12 Display of lists of reorganized polling stations at Returning Officers' Office, Sub-county & Parish Headquarters. 28th September – 2nd October 2013.
13 Considerations and Verification of reorganization queries and complaints by Electoral Commission 5th October 2013.
14 Communication of reorganization results to stakeholders 30th Sept – 7th Oct 2013.
15 Publication of reorganisation Results 7th October 2013.
Eng. Dr. Badru M. Kiggundu
Chairperson, Electoral Commission 5
Appendix I: Districts where Demarcation of Electoral Areas will be done
The Electoral Commission has approved the programme for demarcation of electoral areas in
the districts listed below:
Code District Code District Code District
01 Apac 38 Soroti 92 Kiryandongo
02 Arua 39 Tororo 96 Ntoroko
04 Bushenyi 40 Adjumani 97 Serere
05 Gulu 42 Busia
06 Hoima 43 Katakwi
08 Jinja 44 Nakasongola
10 Kabarole 45 Ssembabule
102 Kibuku 46 Kamwenge
103 Kole 48 Kyenjojo
104 Kween 50 Pader
106 Mitooma 52 Wakiso
107 Napak 54 Kaberamaido
109 Buhweju 55 Kanungu
11 Kalangala 56 Nakapiripirit
112 Rubirizi 57 Amolatar
12 Kampala 58 Amuria
13 Kamuli 61 Ibanda
14 Kapchorwa 62 Isingiro
15 Kasese 63 Kaabong
16 Kibaale 65 Kiruhura
17 Kiboga 66 Koboko
18 Kisoro 67 Manafwa
19 Kitgum 68 Mityana
22 Lira 69 Nakaseke
24 Masaka 75 Namutumba
25 Masindi 76 Oyam
26 Mbale 77 Maracha
27 Mbarara 80 Lyantonde
28 Moroto 81 Amudat
29 Moyo 82 Buikwe
32 Mukono 85 Lamwo
33 Nebbi 87 Zombo
34 Ntungamo 88 Alebtong
35 Pallisa 89 Bulambuli
36 Rakai 90 Buvuma
37 Rukungiri 91 Gomba

Votes are being counted following presidential and parliamentary elections in Zimbabwe.

Turnout was high in a fierce contest between President Robert Mugabe's Zanu-PF and PM Morgan Tsvangirai's MDC.

African monitors say voting on Wednesday was peaceful, but the MDC claims the electoral roll was tampered with. Results are due within five days.

Mr Mugabe, 89, has said he will step down after 33 years in power if he and his party lose.

Police warned they would take action against anyone trying to leak early results.

Zanu-PF and the MDC have shared an uneasy coalition government since 2009 under a deal brokered to end the deadly violence that erupted after a disputed presidential poll the previous year.

The first round of the 2008 poll was also praised for being peaceful - trouble broke out after the results were announced, with Mr Tsvangirai gaining more votes than Mr Mugabe.